- cast iron
- a definition can be applied that cast iron is an alloy of iron and carbon in which the carbon is in excess of the amount that can be retained in solid solution in austenite at the eutectic temperature. Carbon is usually present in the range of 1.8% to 4.5%, in addition, silicon, manganese, sulphur and phosphorus are contained in varying amounts. Various types of cast iron are covered by a British Standard classification and includes grey, malleable and white irons. Elements such as nickel, chromium, molybdenum, vanadium can be added to produce alloy cast irons.
Mechanics glossary. 2013.
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Cast iron — Iron I ron ([imac] [u^]rn), n. [OE. iren, AS. [=i]ren, [=i]sen, [=i]sern; akin to D. ijzer, OS. [=i]sarn, OHG. [=i]sarn, [=i]san, G. eisen, Icel. [=i]sarn, j[=a]rn, Sw. & Dan. jern, and perh. to E. ice; cf. Ir. iarann, W. haiarn, Armor. houarn.]… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
cast iron — Iron I ron ([imac] [u^]rn), n. [OE. iren, AS. [=i]ren, [=i]sen, [=i]sern; akin to D. ijzer, OS. [=i]sarn, OHG. [=i]sarn, [=i]san, G. eisen, Icel. [=i]sarn, j[=a]rn, Sw. & Dan. jern, and perh. to E. ice; cf. Ir. iarann, W. haiarn, Armor. houarn.]… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
cast-iron — adjective 1. ) made of cast iron 2. ) very definite, and certain to be effective: She claims to have a cast iron alibi. cast iron safety procedures 3. ) very strong, or able to deal with difficult conditions: a cast iron stomach cast iron nerves … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
cast-iron — adj 1.) a cast iron excuse/alibi/guarantee etc an excuse etc that is very certain and cannot fail 2.) made of cast iron ▪ a cast iron frying pan … Dictionary of contemporary English
Cast-iron — Cast i ron, a. Made of cast iron. Hence, Fig.: like cast iron; hardy; unyielding. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
cast-iron — cast′ i′ron adj. 1) made of cast iron 2) not subject to change or exception: a cast iron rule[/ex] 3) hardy: a cast iron stomach[/ex] • Etymology: 1655–65 … From formal English to slang
cast iron — ► NOUN 1) a hard alloy of iron and carbon which can be readily cast in a mould. 2) (before another noun ) firm and unchangeable: a cast iron guarantee … English terms dictionary
Cast iron — Cast i ron Highly carbonized iron, the direct product of the blast furnace; used for making castings, and for conversion into wrought iron and steel. It can not be welded or forged, is brittle, and sometimes very hard. Besides carbon, it contains … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
cast iron — 1660s, from cast (pp. adj.) made by melting and being left to harden in a mold (1530s), from CAST (Cf. cast) (v.) in sense to throw something in a particular way (c.1300) … Etymology dictionary
cast-iron — [kast′ī′ərn] adj. 1. made of cast iron 2. very hard, rigid, strong, healthy, etc … English World dictionary
cast iron — n [U] a type of iron that is hard, breaks easily, and is shaped in a ↑mould … Dictionary of contemporary English